Mostafa Salem

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Outside looking in: An international perspective on Egypt’s economy

Reform is needed to boost investor confidence and bring back higher levels of FDI

Bessma Momani has a PHD in political science with a focus on international political economy. She is an associate professor at the Balsillie School of International Affairs at the University of Waterloo and authored the book IMF-Egyptian Debt Negotiations.

Momani highlighted three key areas investors view as intersecting with politics: confidence, perception and reform.

Mostafa Salem